From Boston, a new study published online in Nature shows that a key protein in Parkinson's disease seems to have been miscategorised. The protein, alpha-synuclein, has a much more orderly and complex structure than previously thought. This finding identifies new properties of the protein and serves to explain the protein's behaviour, thereby revealing new therapeutic directions for potentially curing Parkinson's disease.
From Ottawa, weight loss in a newborn baby may not be indicative of poor nutrition, according to research published in the International Breastfeeding Journal. Instead, neonate weight loss can also be attributed to mothers' use of IV fluids during labour. The current research suggests that birth weight might be a poor baseline for assessing infant nutrition, and that a more appropriate baseline would a newborn's weight 24 hours post birth.
From Toronto, a new study published in Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism has shown that healthy obese people can live just as long as slim people, and are even at lowered risk of dying of cardiovascular causes. The findings also suggest that going to excessive lengths to lose weight can be a more of a detriment than a boon in overweight people who are otherwise physically and nutritionally healthy. The researchers highlight the Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS) as a more accurate tool than BMI at assessing health in overweight individuals.